What are the social, political, economic and media conditions under which literature emerges? And what effects does literature have on its immediate environments? These are the issues addressed by the Research Training Group “Literature and the Public Sphere in Differentiated Contemporary Cultures”. It aims to examine contemporary literature in different languages and cultural contexts since 1945 with regard to changing and fragmenting public spheres. It is characterised in particular by its praxeological concept of literature, which includes socio-cultural contexts, political frameworks, institutional conditions, the literary world and literary life in its analysis. (University of Erlangen-Nuremberg, spokesperson: Professor Dr. Dirk Niefanger)